By Stephen L. Weigert (auth.)
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Additional info for Angola: A Modern Military History, 1961–2002
At a reception held in his honor by the commander in chief of the ANC, Mulele reportedly said he was convinced that President Mobutu was carrying out the policy of the late Patrice Lumumba. Mulele asserted that he himself had not fought for power but for an ideology. As this ideology had now been upheld, Mulele conceded there was no point in further struggle. 28 The failure of the Kwilu Rebellion has been attributed to flaws in Mulele’s leadership and the guerrillas’ excessive reliance on traditional religious views.
Emphasizing tactics reminiscent of those employed in Maria’s War, workers 24 Angola were expected to limit their activity to the destruction of crops, buildings and bridges; and they were to refrain from attacks on personnel. This plan was quickly abandoned, perhaps intentionally, but possibly due to the provocation of plantation owners who shot at striking workers. Violence escalated rapidly, resulting in the deaths of hundreds of colonial settlers and thousands of Africans. Unarmed civilians on both sides were slaughtered over the next eight months.
This modification in fighting techniques characterized the first months of the war of liberation . . It did not take long for the leaders of the Angolan rising to realize that they must find some other methods if they really wanted to free their country . . ”55 Fanon did not mention Algeria or provide specific examples of a “war of liberation” and he did not cite any particular theorist of guerrilla warfare whose “techniques” could have inspired UPA. International sympathy and subsequent Pan-African support from the newly established Organization of African Unity (OAU) did not suffice to turn the FNLA into a more effective guerrilla movement.
Angola: A Modern Military History, 1961–2002 by Stephen L. Weigert (auth.)