By Peter Morey, Alex Tickell (Editors)
The talk over even if spiritual or secular identities give you the so much practicable version for a much broader nationwide id has been a continual function of Indian politics from the overdue 19th century to the current day. in addition, within the final thirty years the more and more communal articulation of renowned politics and the slow upward thrust of a constellation of Hindu nationalist events headed by way of the BJP has elevated the urgency of this debate. whereas Indian writing in English has fostered a protracted culture of political dissent, and has again and again puzzled ethnocentric, culturally particular kinds of political id, few critics have thought of how this literature engages without delay with communalism, or charted the literary-political reaction to key occasions reminiscent of the Babri Masjid / Ramjanmabhumi affair and the new progress of renowned varieties of Hindu nationalism. The essays gathered in replacement Indias holiday new floor in stories of Indian literature and picture by way of discussing how key authors provide contending, ‘alternative’ visions of India and the way poetry, fiction and picture can revise either the communal and secular models of nationwide belonging that outline present debates approximately ‘Indianness’. together with contributions from overseas students exceptional within the box of South Asian literary reviews, and that includes an informative creation charting the parallel advancements of writing, the state and communal awareness, replacement Indias bargains a clean point of view at the connections and discontinuities among tradition and politics within the world’s greatest democracy. desk of Contents Acknowledgements Peter MOREY and Alex TICKELL: advent Anshuman A. MONDAL: the boundaries of Secularism and the development of Composite nationwide identification in India Alex TICKELL: the invention of Aryavarta: Hindu Nationalism and Early Indian Fiction in English Elleke BOEHMER: “First recognize Your Need”: Manju Kapur’s Erotic kingdom Shirley chunk: “Cutting throughout Time”: reminiscence, Narrative, and identification in Shashi Deshpande’s Small treatments Amina YAQIN: The Communalization and Disintegration of Urdu in Anita Desai’s In Custody Ashok BERY: “Reflexive Worlds”: The Indias of A.K. Ramanujan Peter MOREY: Communalism, Corruption and accountability in Rohinton Mistry’s relatives issues Sujala SINGH: The Routes of nationwide id in Amitav Ghosh’s The Shadow strains Ralph J. CRANE: Inscribing a Sikh India: another studying of Khushwant Singh’s educate to Pakistan Sharmila SEN: No Passports, No Visas: the road of keep watch over among India and Pakistan in modern Bombay Cinema Afterword members Index
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Additional resources for Alternative Indias: Writing, Nation and Communalism (Cross Cultures 82)
This implies ‘units’ that are distinct prior to their syncretization. 7 All of this suggests that secularism and secularization, and their limitations in colonial and postcolonial India, are of determinate importance in assessing the current political situation in India. 9 In particular, the assumption that ‘secularism’ in India refers only to the relationship of religious communities to the state has determined both the formulation of communal ideologies and the responses of their opponents. Hindu nationalists have in recent years successfully identified the supposed appeasement of minorities by the state as the basis for their ideological campaign to ‘desecularize’ 6 See his The Discovery of India (New Delhi: Oxford U P , 1946).
M O N D A L This would prove to be as convenient for the conservatives as it was for the progressives. Their vision of India was grounded in the primacy of its civilizational unity since antiquity, a unity that was by definition based on an ideal Hinduism. This, in effect, meant that for conservatives the nation was equivalent to Hinduism. 32 Not only were Muslims, Parsis, Sikhs, Christians and other religious communities excluded from this concept of the nation but, as racial emphases grew, so too were ‘Dravidians’, ‘uncivilized’ tribes such as the Santhals and the Kols or the ‘Assamese’, as well as those linguistic communities whose mother-tongues did not derive from Sanskrit.
Train to Pakistan, by the Sikh writer Khushwant Singh, is a seminal Partition novel often praised for its objective realism. Reading against the grain, Ralph Crane finds instead a ‘religious/communal’ bias and a preoccupation with gendering which works toward the inscription of a Sikh rather than a Hindu India. The communitarian vision he uncovers challenges the idea of a homogenized post-Independence nation, even as it enacts the expulsion of the troubling Muslim element in the name of national unity.
Alternative Indias: Writing, Nation and Communalism (Cross Cultures 82) by Peter Morey, Alex Tickell (Editors)