By Aquino De Braganca, Immanuel Maurice Wallerstein
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Extra info for African Liberation Reader: Documents of the National Liberation Movements :Volume 2 The National Liberation Movements
To Lindberg, one cannot escape the conclusion that while the turn toward the quantitative method has improved our understanding of the processes at work, it is not a panacea for the study of African democratization. Econometric methods may help to expose counter-intuitive general trends, but correlation is not necessarily causation. As David Roodman (2007) has pointed out in another context, the biases of the researcher can still interfere with the results of quantitative studies, not least through the filtering of variables and the proxies through which the “hard facts” are established.
These differential outcomes are explained by: (1) the strength of public opinion; (2) expected benefits of staying in power; and (3) extent of reliance on foreign aid. Some statistical analyses of the data on the 18 executives are then used to illustrate the strength of these three assumptions. This is a compelling institutionalist analysis of the process of democratization based on mixed methods, which advances our knowledge of the process and suggests future approaches to research. The Technicist Approach There is also a technicist strand in the evaluation of the process of democratization in Africa.
In Nigeria, Chabal and Daloz argue, the concept of the state “does not make sense” because it lacks all the attributes associated with the state in its original European conceptualization. While the state in Europe is an impersonal system based on treating every individual as an “abstract” citizen with equal rights and obligations regardless of identity, in African countries like Nigeria, the political community is defined, less by defined geographical boundaries, than by a collective consciousness connected to ancestral filiations, customs, and religious beliefs.
African Liberation Reader: Documents of the National Liberation Movements :Volume 2 The National Liberation Movements by Aquino De Braganca, Immanuel Maurice Wallerstein