By E. A. Heaman
A concise, based survey of a fancy point of Canadian background, a quick historical past of the country in Canada examines the idea and fact of governance inside Canada’s specific political history: a mix of Indigenous, French, and British traditions, American statism and anti-statism, and numerous, useful experiments and experiences.
E.A. Heaman takes the reader during the improvement of the nation in either precept and perform, interpreting Indigenous varieties of govt ahead of eu touch; the interaction of French and British colonial associations ahead of and after the Conquest of recent France; the construction of the nineteenth-century liberal nation; and, eventually, the increase and reconstitution of the trendy social welfare kingdom. relocating past the heritage of associations to incorporate the advance of political cultures and social politics, a quick historical past of the kingdom in Canada is a useful advent to the subject for political scientists, historians, and someone attracted to Canada’s previous and current.
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Additional resources for A Short History of the State in Canada
Without royal authority backed by royal soldiers to rein in commercial, religious, and political competition, life and profit were profoundly uncertain. The French Crown encouraged settlement that would entrench its territorial claims and develop a market for metropolitan goods. Consequently, pressure mounted upon the French government to mediate between different kinds of inhabitants: settling disputes between seigneurs and farmers, rival trading interests, or quarrelling Indigenous nations. But if state authority began in mediation, it became direct and coercive.
The French state began the seventeenth century neither centralized nor integrated; by the end of the century, it was both. Louis XIV built upon a process already initiated under Louis XIII, expanding the use of the Intendant de justice, police et finances, appointed directly by the Crown to represent it in the provinces and colonies. Greater standardization and extension of royal justice, substantial increases in taxation and the army, expanded the French state. Overall, French state spending increased in the seventeenth century by a multiple of between five and eight.
France and Britain seemed to go in very different directions at the end of the seventeenth century, with royal powers enhanced in France and weakened in Britain. The British Revolution of 1688 resulted in an assertion of parliamentary sovereignty and the restriction of monarchical powers. But in the colonies, the effect was the same: centralization 44 A Short History of the State in Canada of power in the metropolis. Whereas royal charters had conveyed expansive powers of government, those issued by Parliament after 1688 were far more limited.
A Short History of the State in Canada by E. A. Heaman