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A free will : origins of the notion in ancient thought by Michæl Frede, A. A. Long, David Sedley PDF

By Michæl Frede, A. A. Long, David Sedley

ISBN-10: 0520268482

ISBN-13: 9780520268487

ISBN-10: 0520948378

ISBN-13: 9780520948372

ISBN-10: 1283277603

ISBN-13: 9781283277600

Where does the thought of loose will come from? How and while did it improve, and what did that improvement contain? In Michael Frede's significantly new account of the background of this concept, the concept of a loose will emerged from robust assumptions concerning the relation among divine windfall, correctness of person selection, and self-enslavement because of mistaken selection. Anchoring his dialogue in Stoicism, Frede starts off with Aristotle--who, he argues, had no thought of a unfastened will--and ends with Augustine. Frede exhibits that Augustine, faraway from originating the assumption (as is usually claimed), derived so much of his considering it from the Stoicism constructed through Epictetus.

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Extra info for A free will : origins of the notion in ancient thought

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The notion of a will, then, is the notion of our ability to make such choices or decisions which make us act in the way we do. It is crucial for the notion of the will that this ability differs greatly from person to person, as different people not only have different thoughts about what is or is not a good thing to do but also have quite different feelings about different things. This is why different people in the same situation will make very different choices and hence will act quite differently.

There is, though, yet a further connection. By the time we come to late antiquity, most people think that in one important sense our freedom is reduced to the freedom of the mind and in particular the will. For, even if we choose to act in a certain way, we have no control over whether we shall succeed in doing out there in the world what we decided to do in our mind. We may decide to cross the street but be run over as we try to do so. We may decide to raise our arm, but the arm does not rise.

It is crucial for the notion of the will that this ability differs greatly from person to person, as different people not only have different thoughts about what is or is not a good thing to do but also have quite different feelings about different things. This is why different people in the same situation will make very different choices and hence will act quite differently. It is also crucial for the notion of the will that it is an ability which needs to be developed, cultivated, and perfected.

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A free will : origins of the notion in ancient thought by Michæl Frede, A. A. Long, David Sedley


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