By Hugh H. Benson
This broad-ranging spouse includes unique contributions from top Platonic students and displays different ways that they're facing Plato’s legacy. Covers a very vast variety of topics from varied perspectivesContributions are dedicated to themes, starting from belief and data to politics and cosmologyAllows readers to work out how a place recommended in a single of Plato’s dialogues compares with positions recommended in othersPermits readers to interact the talk referring to Plato’s philosophical improvement on specific topicsAlso comprises overviews of Plato’s lifestyles, works and philosophical strategy
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Extra info for A Companion to Plato
His disciples included the most influential philosophers of his time, who are credited by historians of philosophy with founding several schools; but what did he teach them? These questions constitute the “Socratic Problem,” the attempt to discover the historical individual behind the ancient accounts of Socrates and his philosophy. Socrates wrote nothing; for our information we depend on four major sources. The earliest source is Greek comedy, primarily Aristophanes’ Clouds, produced in 423 bce.
Cases where passion intervenes and actually cancels out decisions of reason – as, allegedly, in what are popularly called “crimes of passion”), which for Plato are I think likely to have been very much the exception rather than the rule, it will still be the case that we typically do what our reason tells us; the real difference from the Socratic position will be just that, along with sheer intellectual error (which on the new, Platonic, model might be seen as 20 ACTC02 20 28/6/06, 2:17 PM interpreting plato mere temporary, even immediately self-correcting, mistakes of calculation), there will also be errors of reasoning caused by irrational desires or drives.
Scholars have hoped to solve this question by dividing Plato’s dialogues into three groups: an early group, containing dialogues that (it is argued) present a faithful portrait of the historical Socrates; a middle group, containing dialogues that represent Plato’s own philosophical views; and a late group, containing a further stage of Plato’s development. This tripartite division, however, has been criticized; both the membership of the respective groups and the order of the dialogues within them have been questioned 27 ACTC03 27 28/6/06, 2:24 PM william j.
A Companion to Plato by Hugh H. Benson